Water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)
Country of origin
Bhiwani, Hisar, Rohtak, Jind, Jhajjar, Fatehabad, Gurugram
10 to 15 liters of milk per day
Average body size
Male (750 kG), Female (650 Kg)
Horned (spiraling inward)
What is Murrah Buffalo? : A Brief Introduction
The Murrah buffalo is a domestic water buffalo breed that originated in India. It is a popular dairy buffalo breed primarily kept for milk production. Haryana's Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Jind, Jhajjar, Hisar, and Rohtak districts are home to this breed. The breed is also found in the Naha and Patiala of Punjab districts, as well as in the surrounding areas of Delhi, and it is the pride of Haryana.
The Murrah buffalo is a famous and excellent milk producer not only in India but probably throughout the world. Today, the breed is available in various countries worldwide, including Sri Lanka, Vietnam, the Philippines, China, Malaysia, Nepal, Brazil, Ecuador, and Azerbaijan.
Haryana's government announced a cash incentive for farmers to increase exports of these animals. Other countries, including Bulgaria, Egypt, and Italy, have used the Murrah buffalo to improve dairy buffalo milk production. In Brazil, it is used to produce both meat and milk.
Origin Of Murrah Buffalo
The Murrah buffalo is a breed of water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) raised primarily for milk production. It is found in the Indian states of Haryana and Punjab, where it is kept in the districts of Bhiwani, Hisar, Rohtak, Jind, Jhajjar, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, and Delhi.
Characteristics Of Murrah Buffalo
The Murrah buffalo has a stunning appearance. It is mostly jet black in color, but it can have white markings on the face or legs. Their horns are typically short and tightly curved. Males' eyes are slightly shrunken, but females' eyes are active and prominent. Females have long, thin necks, whereas males have thick, massive necks. Their ears are thin, short, and alert.
Females have a fully developed, drooping udder with teats evenly distributed across the udder, but the hind teats are longer than the fore teats. The mature bulls have an average body height of around 142 cm at the withers, while the cows have an average body height of around 132 cm.
Physical Features Of Murrah Buffalo
- Body: Solidly constructed, heavy, and wedge-shaped.
- Head: Relatively small.
- Face: Relatively long.
- Neck: Relatively long.
- Body color: The body is jet black.
- White markings on the face and leg extremities are possible (2, 3), but are not preferred.
- Eyes should not be walled, that is, the cornea should not be white.
- Tail: Long reaching up to the fetlock joint (2, 3, and 6) with a black or white switch up to (maximum) 8.0 inches in length (4).
- Horns: Unlike other buffalo breeds, these horns are short and tight, turning backward and upward before spiraling inward. The horns should be flattened slightly. The horns loosen slightly with age, but the spiral curves increase.
- Limbs: Relatively short but well-built.
- Skin: Soft and smooth, with sparse hairs in comparison to other buffaloes.
- Udder: Completely developed and drooping.
- Teats are evenly distributed across the udder, but the hind teats are longer than the fore teats.
- Loin: wider and moving forward.
- Body weight: Males have an average body weight of 550 Kg, while females have an average body weight of 450 Kg.
- Height: The average height at the withers is 1.42 meters for men and 1.32 meters for women.
- Age at first calving: 3 years, but we also have buffaloes that calved at 3 years and produced a lot of milk.
- Inter-calving period: 400 to 500 days between calving.
- Lactation period: Lactation lasts 300 days. (at least 230 days recorded under top quality Murrah).
- Daily lactation in peak period: During the peak period, daily lactation was 14 to 15 liters, but up to 31.5 Kg of milk production was also recorded. The Murrah buffalo produces more than 18 liters of milk per day. A champion Murrah buffalo produced a peak milk yield of 31.5 kg per day in the Government of India's All India Milk Yield Competition.
- Dry period: approximately three months. However, there may be fewer than three.
- Gestation period: 310-day gestation period.
Age of Murrah Buffalo
Murrah buffalo lives for an average of 11-12 years. Milk yields peak in the fourth lactation and then decrease with each subsequent lactation. The gestation period of a Murrah buffalo is usually 310 days.
Advantages Of Murrah Buffalo
Some advantages of Murrah buffalo are given below:
- Murrah buffaloes can adapt to any climatic conditions in India. In most Indian states, these are grown and raised.
- Murrah buffaloes produce more milk per day. Murrah buffaloes produce 8-16 liters per day on average.
- Another significant advantage of these animals is that they are more disease resistant than cross-bred cows.
- In the absence of concentrates during a drought, they can thrive on any crop residue.
- Because Buffalo milk contains more fat, the milk price is higher. This yields good results.
Disadvantages Of Murrah Buffalo
Some disadvantages of Murrah buffalo are given below:
- Heifers reach late maturity at 25-32 months.
- The inter-calving period is longer (12-16 months).
- Heat detection in Murrah buffaloes is a little difficult (silent heat).
- Pure-bred buffaloes are typically difficult to find due to their scarcity in the country.
- Murrah buffaloes are more vicious than cross-bred cows.
Price of Murrah Buffalo
Murrah buffalo prices varies according to age, lactation capacity/milking capacity, and other factors. On average, these can be obtained for Rs. 35,000 (thirty-five thousand to Rs. 100,000). (one lakh).
Identification Of Murrah Buffalo
has a well-built, heavy, wedge-shaped body. The head is relatively small, and the face is relatively long. Murrah buffaloes are completely black. The cornea of the eyes should not be white; the eyes are not blocked. The horns of a Murrah buffalo differ from those of other buffalo breeds in that they are short and tight, turning backward and upward before spiraling inward.
The tail is long, reaching up to the fetlock joint and reaching up to 8 inches in length. The legs are relatively short but well-built. Murrah buffalo skin is smooth and soft, with sparse hair. The udder has matured and is drooping.
The teats are evenly distributed across the udder, and the hind teats are usually longer than the front teats. A male Murrah Buffalo weighs around 550 kg, while a female weighs around 450 kg. A male's average height is around 1.42 meters, while a female's average height is 1.32 meters.
- Size- Murrah buffaloes are large creatures. The Murrah buffalo is roughly the size of a Sahiwal cow, and sometimes larger.
- Head and horns- The Murrah buffalo's head size is typical for buffaloes. The horns are not overly large, but they are thick and curved toward each other.
- Weight- The average weight of a Murrah buffalo is between 450 and 500 kg.
- Behavior: Murrah buffaloes are peaceful creatures. They don't hesitate to milk any person or group of people. They don't usually react to problems, but if they're sick, you can tell by how they eat and walk.
- Body structure - When viewed from behind, the Murrah buffalo's body structure is shaped. Its back is wider from behind and narrows towards the head.
- Body structure- When viewed from behind, the Murrah buffalo's body structure is shaped. Its back is wider from behind and narrows towards the head.
- Color: Murrah buffalo has completely black skin. Although a young Murrah buffalo's color is zed black, he eventually develops full black color.
- Udder- The standard size The udder of a Murrah buffalo is small. However, if there is an infection or swelling, it can hand and become large.
An Approximate feeding schedule of a lactating Murrah buffalo
A lactating Murrah buffalo's approximate feeding schedule:
- 20-25 kgs of green fodder
- 8-10 kg of dry fodder
- 4-6 kgs of concentrated feed
- 50 grams of mineral mixture • 30-40 liters of water
- The daily cost of feeding a buffalo is 100 rupees. Murrah buffalo milk is A2 milk because it is an Indian breed.
Murrah Buffalo Fodder
only feeds this breed when necessary. Before giving them leguminous fodder, add straw or a larger amount of another type of fodder to aid digestion. The amount of feed required is listed below. Energy, protein, calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin A are all required nutrients.
Distribution of fodder
- Grain: Maize, Wheat, Barley, Oats, and Millet
- Cake oilseeds: peanuts, sesame, soybeans, flax seeds/cotton seeds/mustard, sunflower
- Wheat bran/polished rice/polished rice without oil as byproducts
- Metals: salt and scrap metal
Use industrial and animal waste for cheap food.
- Leftover waste from the alcohol industry
- boiled potatoes
- Bird excreta that is dry
Caring for Murrah buffalo
- Shelter Requirement: Animals require favorable environmental conditions in order to perform well. Animals require shelter to protect themselves from heavy rain, direct sunlight, snowfall, frost, and parasites. Ensure that the chosen shelter has access to clean air and water. The food area must be large and open in proportion to the number of animals, so that feed can be easily consumed. Animal waste drain pipes must be 30 to 40 cm wide and 5 to 7 cm deep.
- Pregnant animal care: Good management practices result in a healthy calf and a high milk yield. Give pregnant buffalo 1kg more feed because they are also growing physically.
- Cattle care and management: Remove any phlegm or mucous from the nose or mouth immediately after birth. If the calf is not breathing, give it artificial respiration by compressing and relaxing its chest with its hands. Tie the navel 2–5 cm away from the body to cut the umbilical cord. Use 1-2% iodine to clean the umbilical stump.
- Vaccinations: Dehorn the calf with an electrical method after 7–10 days of birth. Deworming should be done at 30-day intervals. Calves aged 2-3 weeks are given a viral respiratory vaccine. Calves aged 1-3 months receive a clostridial vaccination.
Disease And Treatment Of Murrah Buffalo
Digestive system disorders
Simple indigestion treatment:
- Give them food that is easily digestible.
- Give them spices that will make them hungry.
Acid indigestion treatment:
- Do not feed acidic fodder to animals.
- At the beginning of the disease, give animals saline elements such as baking soda and medicines that will help the liver produce energy.
Saline indigestion treatment:
- To cure the disease during the preliminary stage, administer a light acid such as 5% acetic acid at a rate of 5-10ml per animal weight or approximately 750ml vinegar.
- If a brain stroke occurs and no improvement is seen after giving medicine 2-3 times, a doctor should perform a rumenotomy operation.
- At first, give them 500 mL of flax oil as feed instead of dry fodder and give them more water.
- For large animals, a solution of magnesium sulfate 800gm and a scrape of ginger powder 30gm is administered orally.
- Animals are given Turpentine oil (30-60 mL), Asafetida (heeng) extract (60 mL), or mustard/flax oil (500 mL) (do not give too much Turpentine oil, as this will cause stomach problems).
- If this disease recurs in an animal, activated charcoal, 40% Formalin@15-30ml, and Dettol water should be administered.
- Examine the type of disease and the animal's condition, then consult a veterinarian.
Treatment for bloody diarrhea:
- Administer sulfa medications or vaccinations, as well as an increased amount of glucose (5%) and water.
- Antibiotics, sulfa medicines, opiates, tennoform, or iron elements can also be used to treat diarrhea.
- Pre-hepatic or hemolytic jaundice- caused by the destruction of red blood cell destruction.
- intrahepatic or poisonous jaundice resulting from liver disease
- Jaundice caused by lymph nerve closure
- First, determine the source of poisonous jaundice and then remove it.
- Animals with infections and blood pest diseases should be separated from other animals.
- Administer a glucose and salt solution, a calcium gluconate solution, vitamins A and C, and antibiotics.
- Give the animals liver tonic in addition to green fodder and fatless feed.
- Give sodium acid monophosphate to animals when they are phosphorus deficient.
Anaplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by the parasite Anaplasma marginale. Its symptoms include a high body temperature, nasal discharge, coughing, teeth grinding, inappetence, and a pale and icteric mucous membrane.
To control the insect population, acaricidal medicine is sprayed or dipped. A serological test is used to diagnose anaplasmosis. If the test results are positive, a qualified veterinary doctor will treat you right away.
Anemia causes muscle weakness, depression, anorexia, and an increase in body temperature. The disease is caused by poor nutrition management, a lack of nutrients in the diet, and a lack of colostrum intake.
To treat anemia, vitamins A, B, and E are added to the diet, and an injection of iron dextrin (150 mg) is given.
Anthrax is a highly infectious and lethal cattle disease caused by the spore-forming rectangular-structured bacteria Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax is found in every region and causes severe mortality in ruminants. Toxins produced by the microbe are extremely potent, resulting in negative effects and a large number of deaths.
When exposed to air, the microbe produces spores. Symptoms of the disease usually appear 4–7 days after inhaling or ingesting the spores. When symptoms appear in animals, they usually die within a couple of days.
They typically contract the disease by ingesting anthrax spores while grazing on anthrax-infected pastures. Breathing in colorless, odorless, and tasteless spores can also cause infection in animals as well as in humans.
Only in the subacute stage of illness can treatment be administered. They can only be treated in the early stages. Ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, tetracycline, and penicillin are the antibiotics used to treat them.
Foot And Mouth Disease
Foot-and-mouth disease is a highly contagious disease that affects cloven-footed pets or animals. Fever, vesicle growth, and blisters in the udder, oral cavity, teats, and even on the dermis between the paws and above the hooves are symptoms.
Mammals that have recovered from the disorder have an irregular covering and deformed hooves. This disorder is common in India. The infection spreads through direct contact or indirectly through contaminated manure, fluids, and hay. Cattle attendants can also transport it. It can be spread by reclaimed livestock or birds. There is a high temperature, hanging saliva, and lameness.
Antiseptics should be used to treat ulcers. Use a 5:1 ratio of copper sulfate and coal tar for the foot lesion. Vaccines should be administered as recommended. To control the files and spore, proper care of sanitized vesicles should be used.
Mastitis is a disease that causes inflammation of the mammary gland and is a major cause of death in livestock worldwide. Though external wounds or pressure cause swelling of the gland, the most common cause of mastitis is contamination by invading microbes (yeasts, fungi, and even viruses). Diseases begin when microbes enter the teat canal and spread to the mammary gland.
Mastitis can be controlled by dipping the teat after each milking in germicide. During pregnancy, heifers are given antibiotics. Effective drugs include gramicidin, tyrothricin, and acriflavine. Other effective drugs for its treatment include penicillin, sulphonamides, and streptomycin.
Murrah Buffalo Milk Benefits
While buffalo milk is not the most popular type of milk, it does have several health benefits, including the ability to promote growth, build strong bones, stimulate circulation, lower blood pressure, and protect the heart. Mothers have long been ardent proponents of the health benefits of milk. When most people think of milk, they automatically think of cows, but many people drink buffalo milk instead.
It is the milk produced by a buffalo's mammary gland, as the name implies. This milk is an important component of a healthy diet in some parts of Asia, including India, where different species of buffalo are still abundant. The growing demand for and increased availability of buffalo milk has heightened interest. Various differences in buffalo milk and other types of non-human milk for consumption have been discovered through research.
Buffalo milk is not only high in iron, calcium, protein, vitamin A, phosphorous, and other important compounds, but it is also significantly higher in fat content than traditional cow milk. Depending on their current lifestyle and health conditions, buffalo milk can be beneficial to some but harmful to others, which is why it is critical to investigate the potential health benefits of buffalo milk.
- It will lower your cholesterol levels- High LDL cholesterol levels are harmful to one's health. Buffalo milk aids in the reduction of bad cholesterol. It is low in cholesterol and thus should be an excellent supplement. A glass of this milk every day can help keep your heart healthy.
- Feed your child Buffalo milk if you want him or her to gain weight. Being skinny or rickety could be a cause for concern. Buffalo milk contains significantly more fat than cow milk. It can assist you in increasing muscle mass and strength. If you are an adult who is experiencing muscle mass issues, you should begin drinking buffalo milk. Regular consumption of this type of milk provides energy to children.
- Drink this milk to make friends with vitamins—it has a rich, creamy texture. It can address your vitamin deficiency. This milk contains thiamine, vitamin A, and vitamin C. It is also high in folate, vitamin B6, and niacin. This milk contains vitamin B12, which can help you avoid heart attacks and strokes. Riboflavin is also found in buffalo milk.
- It is also high in protein, with two glasses of buffalo milk providing 19g of protein per day. It has been found to contain all nine types of amino acids. It boosts your immunity and resistance if you include it in your daily diet.
It will compensate for mineral deficiencies - calcium, potassium, magnesium, and phosphorus are just a few of the minerals found in this milk. It strengthens your bones and teeth, protecting you from osteoporosis.
* Also Read *
Murrah Buffalo Milk Per Day
A healthy Murrah buffalo produces 10 to 15 liters of milk. They have a lactation period of 250 to 280 days per year.
Murrah Buffalo Ghee Benefits
- Buffalo ghee aids in weight gain.
- Ghee contains a lot of antioxidants, which help the body absorb vitamins and minerals.
- Because buffalo ghee contains 100% fat, it can be stored for a longer period of time than cow ghee.
- Buffalo ghee is high in calcium and also high in minerals like magnesium and phosphorus.
- When it comes to health benefits, consuming buffalo ghee can help you have fewer cholesterol problems.
- Buffalo ghee is beneficial for weight loss, bone health, and the prevention of childhood obesity.
- It gives you the power to absorb vitamins and minerals quicker – making you stronger.
- According to claims of ancient Ayurveda, buffalo ghee can help you cure gastritis and other ulcers. The next time you have an ulcer or a burning sensation in your stomach, try ingesting a tablespoon of pure buffalo ghee.
- It can also help you pass your stools efficiently.
- Buffalo ghee can cure bedsores as well.
- In Ancient India, ghee was stored in oil wells, to serve as treatment for wounded soldiers. These ancient medics would make medicine from ghee and apply it to the fresh wounds of soldiers.
Nutritional Facts Buffalo Ghee
Frequently Asked Questions - FAQs
Which buffalo gives the most milk?
Murrah, Murrah has the highest milk yield upto 10 -15 liter/day of any Indian buffalo breed.
How many times do buffalo get pregnant?
A water buffalo calf will stay with its mother for about three years after birth. Male calves will then be moved to the all-male herd, while female calves will remain with the female herd. Every other year, females become pregnant.
Which is a more profitable cow or buffalo?
Because of its higher fat and SNF content, buffalo milk commands a much higher market price than cow milk. This study's findings confirm that crossbred cows and graded Murrah buffaloes are more cost-effective and efficient feed converters.
Is Murrah buffalo milk a1 or A2?
Yes, Murrah Buffalo milk is A2 milk because it is an Indian breed.
Which ghee has more cholesterol cow or buffalo?
In terms of health benefits, people who consume buffalo ghee have lower cholesterol levels, more calories, and more fat, whereas people who consume cow ghee have higher cholesterol levels, fewer calories, and less fat.